Liliana Ciobanu, unul dintre participantii la proiectul ASJC, NEWs Training, a primit de curand distinctia Studentul Anului in Jurnalism si Comunicare la Gala Studentul Anului, organizata de VIP Romania.
Curand va pleca in SUA pentru un nou internship la CNN. Succes Liliana!
Article by Petre Fluerasu, Berlin, 1-4-th of March, 2009
Do you have a solution on how to solve the gap in freedom of press between Eastern and Western European countries? Can Eastern European countries use the experience of the Western European countries in order to solve this problem?
I think that the countries that have a problem with freedom of press should use all the opportunities that are in other countries. First of all, they can learn from the countries that have a good level in freedom of press, and if they are people politically active, they can really act like changing the laws.
Joeri Oushdorn, Holland
The freedom of journalists can be improved in the Eastern countries with a stronger democracy, with better politicians who must work more seriously, and through that, they can take the example of more developed countries in Europe.
Alfonso Cobo, Spain
I think it’s more of politics, and if we change the communist party, then can you can improve our freedom of press issue in Moldova. I think it could be done only step by step, and the first step is changing the communist party in our country.
Dumitru Iovu, Moldova
About the freedom of press in Eastern Europe, especially Russia, we must understand they have had many problems and many changes of regime. So we must understand the problems and give them time to solve them.
Rostamkhani Kaveh, Iran
If we want a social Europe with a lot of democracy, we could share our knowledge to improve the democracy in the whole Europe, so I think we should share our experience to help Eastern European countries improve their freedom of press level.
Marjolein Nieuwdorp, Holland
The lack of press freedom in Germany is more about the influence of public relations and in Eastern Europe, is more about the freedom of the democracy in general. So what need to get improved in Eastern Europe is the democracy. So Western countries could help improve and democratize countries, and then press freedom is the second step and will come afterwards.
Eva Linder, Germany
I think the people in Eastern Europe can see our freedom, and then not learn directly from it, but get the feeling about what is the worth of the freedom of press, and so they can become active to do something to get their press more free.
Annika Glaser, Germany
I think Western countries have a great tradition of democracy and freedom of press. Eastern countries could take these from us, just by paying attention to take the better examples. Take the example of pluralism of information, in which everyone is free to write their own opinion. This I think could be the chance for Eastern countries that are less free.
Daniele Fisichella, Italy
The problem is mainly that, since you don’t have freedom in generally, you can’t have freedom of press. So, maybe the only way is that the media show off, even if it is dangerous. They have to show the government that they are there, and they have power and cannot be silenced. People have to know what is going on in order to react.
Adrian Morales, Spain
First of all, I think that is not that only Eastern Europe can learn from Western Europe, is also the other way around. In Eastern Europe they can still improve, but Eastern European countries should learn how to secure journalists. Only those who are subjects of their work are protected. So you can be sued as a journalist and imprisoned. Public people should be responsible for what they say, so if they give me an interview, I should have the right to publish exactly what they say.
Filip Jurzyk, Poland
Freedom of press is one of the basic rights in every democracy, and in a working democracy it has to guarantee the freedom of press and the freedom of speech. I think if freedom of press is not yet established in some countries, they can not only learn when meeting journalists from Western European countries, but the other way around too, when Western Europeans start to actually understand what are the problems in Eastern European countries. Maybe then the politicians will focus also on Eastern countries, because today, my impression is that they focus on their own idea about freedom of press and they don’t try to redefine it in a more whole European sense.
Alfhild Boehringer, Germany
Interview by Petre Flueraşu, member of ASJC Romania
*Jona Holderle is one of the founders of YouthMedia.eu, one of the biggest European platforms for young media makers
Petre: So, we are talking about youthmedia.eu. How this did idea start? Did it start before the European Youth Press or did it derive from it?
Jona Holderle: The idea is as old as the Youth Press. So in the process of founding an European Youth Press, there was also the idea of having a network with it and to exchange media from different countries, texts, and pictures especially. We managed to do this first on a German base, then on an international base for pictures, and now we are trying to expand to a whole community for young journalists.
P: Are you satisfied today with how things are going, are you satisfied with the point where you are today comparing to what you wanted in the beginning?
J.H: I think you always could have done more, but I am quite satisfied with what we have now, and we have a lot of plans to expand it, so it’s not finished, and I think it will never be finished.
P: You told me about Germany, about Sweden… Are there any eastern European countries involved in the project? I mean, is there more enthusiasm in Western Europe than in Eastern Europe for this kind of projects?
J.H: No, the enthusiasm is the same. We have 4 more countries that wanted to start a platform – Poland, Romania, France and Spain, but none of the countries made it so far, because it’s a lot of work to do in order to start something new. You have to build up something new. But there is no difference between Eastern and Western, even though with exchanging media there are some different attitudes on creative comments licenses.
P: Can you explain the concept behind youthphotos.eu for the people who are not familiar with it?
J.H: So, Youthphotos doesn’t exist any more, because it is Youthmedia now, but you can upload media, and you can view it online, and you can discuss it, like it, and you can download it. And while downloading it, a special part of the downloading tells you where and how you can use it, for non-commercial use, or only by telling the name of the photographer and so on… And when you upload media, you can choose the creative license you want for that media.
P: So, is this applicable to text as well? Or just pictures?
J.H: With texts it’s a little bit more difficult because of the language aspects. But with texts it is also possible. Of course, it is more difficult if you publish your text in the professional media, because most of the time you are not allowed to publish it anywhere else. But usually people contact the editor or journalists directly about these matters.
P: We are talking here ( in Berlin) in the conference about freedom of press. I think that it’s obvious that there are problems with the freedom of press in Eastern Europe… How do you think this problem can be solved? Can Youthmedia or EYP play a part in solving this problem?
J.H: I think it can’t be solved that easy, but I think there are 2 ways. One is to know how it works in different countries, because from my experiences, in many countries, young journalists and young people do not really know that there is a problem with non-free media, so most people would say ok, it’s quite normal I can’t publish something against the government. So it’s quite important to get the exchange between journalists. It’s quite nice to now if your problems are common problems or if they are problems in all the countries.
P: Can you summarize the vision of Youthmedia in a few words?
J.H: The vision is to get interconnected and to learn from each other, in every different phase of your journalistic career. That can be by exchanging media, but also exchanging knowledge, exchanging points of view.