European Charter on the Freedom of Press adopted in Hamburg

The version in Romanian follows.

46 editors-in-chief and leading journalists from 19 countries adopted and signed the “European Charter for Press Freedom” in Hamburg
n ten articles, the charter formulates principles for the freedom of the press/media from government interference – in particular for their right to safety from surveillance, electronic eavesdropping and searches of editorial departments and computers, and to unimpeded access for journalists and citizens to all domestic and foreign sources of information. The goal is to assert the charter’s validity across Europe and to make its adoption a condition in EU accession negotiations. Ideally, journalists all over Europe will be able to cite the charter in cases of conflict with the state or with state-controlled institutions, and to call on their international colleagues for help and support.
> European Charter for Press Freedom
Art. 1
Freedom of the press is essential to a democratic society. All governments should uphold, protect and respect the diversity of journalistic media in all its forms and its political, social and cultural missions.
Art. 2
Censorship must be absolutely prohibited. There must be a guarantee that independent journalism in all media is free of persecution, repression and of political or regulatory interference by government. Press and online media should not be subject to state licensing.
Art. 3
The right of journalists and media to gather and disseminate information and opinions must not be threatened, restricted or be made subject to punishment.
Art. 4
The protection of journalistic sources shall be strictly upheld. Searches of newsrooms and other premises of journalists and the surveillance or interception of journalists’ communications with the aim of identifying sources of information or infringing on editorial confidentiality are unacceptable.
Art. 5
All states must ensure that the media enjoys the full protection of an independent judiciary system and the authorities while carrying out their role. This applies in particular to defending journalists and their staff from physical attack and harassment. Violations of these rights and any threats to violate these rights must be carefully investigated and punished by the judiciary.
Art. 6
The economic livelihood and independence of the media must not be endangered by the state, by state-controlled institutions or other organisations. The threat of economic sanctions is unacceptable. Private enterprise has to respect the independence of the media and refrain from exercising pressure and from trying to blur the lines between advertising and editorial content.
Art. 7
The state and state-controlled institutions shall not hinder the freedom of access of journalists and the media to information. They are obliged to support them in their mandate to provide information.
Art. 8
Media and journalists have a right to unimpeded access to all news and information sources, including those from abroad. For their reporting, foreign journalists must be provided with visas, accreditation and other required documents without delay.
Art. 9
The public of any state shall be granted free access to all national and foreign media and sources of information.
Art. 10
The state shall not restrict entry into the profession of journalism.

46 editors-in-chief and leading journalists from 19 countries adopted and signed the “European Charter for Press Freedom” in Hamburg, on May 25th.

In ten articles, the charter formulates principles for the freedom of the press/media from government interference – in particular for their right to safety from surveillance, electronic eavesdropping and searches of editorial departments and computers, and to unimpeded access for journalists and citizens to all domestic and foreign sources of information. The goal is to assert the charter’s validity across Europe and to make its adoption a condition in EU accession negotiations. Ideally, journalists all over Europe will be able to cite the charter in cases of conflict with the state or with state-controlled institutions, and to call on their international colleagues for help and support.

 European Charter for Press Freedom

Art. 1. Freedom of the press is essential to a democratic society. All governments should uphold, protect and respect the diversity of journalistic media in all its forms and its political, social and cultural missions.

Art. 2. Censorship must be absolutely prohibited. There must be a guarantee that independent journalism in all media is free of persecution, repression and of political or regulatory interference by government. Press and online media should not be subject to state licensing.

Art. 3. The right of journalists and media to gather and disseminate information and opinions must not be threatened, restricted or be made subject to punishment.

Art. 4. The protection of journalistic sources shall be strictly upheld. Searches of newsrooms and other premises of journalists and the surveillance or interception of journalists’ communications with the aim of identifying sources of information or infringing on editorial confidentiality are unacceptable.

Art. 5. All states must ensure that the media enjoys the full protection of an independent judiciary system and the authorities while carrying out their role. This applies in particular to defending journalists and their staff from physical attack and harassment. Violations of these rights and any threats to violate these rights must be carefully investigated and punished by the judiciary.

Art. 6. The economic livelihood and independence of the media must not be endangered by the state, by state-controlled institutions or other organisations. The threat of economic sanctions is unacceptable. Private enterprise has to respect the independence of the media and refrain from exercising pressure and from trying to blur the lines between advertising and editorial content.

Art. 7. The state and state-controlled institutions shall not hinder the freedom of access of journalists and the media to information. They are obliged to support them in their mandate to provide information.

Art. 8. Media and journalists have a right to unimpeded access to all news and information sources, including those from abroad. For their reporting, foreign journalists must be provided with visas, accreditation and other required documents without delay.

Art. 9. The public of any state shall be granted free access to all national and foreign media and sources of information.

Art. 10. The state shall not restrict entry into the profession of journalism.


Romana:

Carta Europeana a Libertatii Presei a fost adoptata la Hamburg


Patruzeci si sase de redactori-sefi si jurnalisti de marca din 19 tari au adoptat si semnat la Hamburg “Cartea Europeana a Libertatii Presei”.

In 10 articole, Carta formuleaza principii pentru libertatea media fata de interferente ale Statului – in special pentru dreptul la protectie fata de actiunilor de supraveghere, interceptari ale comunicatiilor, a perchezitilor, redactiilor si a computerelor cat si dreptul la liberul acces al, jurnalistilor si al publicului la orice surse de informatie, nationale sau internationale.

Obiectivul vizat este obtinerea aplicarii acestei Carte in toata Europa, si de impunerea adoptarii ei ca o conditie in cadrul negocierilor de largire a UE.

In mod ideal, jurnalistii din toate regiunile Europei vor putea sa invoce aceasta Carta in cazul unor conflicte cu Statul sau cu institutii aflate sub influenta Statului si sa revendice sprijinul colegilor din celelalte tari.

Carta Europeana a Libertatii Presei

Art. 1. Libertatea presei este vitala pentru o societate democratica. Autoritatile statului trebuie sa o sustina si sa o protejeze, sa respecte diversitatea media jurnalistica in toate formele sale de diseminare cat si in misiunile sale politice, sociale si culturale.

Art. 2. Cenzura este strict interzisa. Trebuie sa existe garantii ca jurnalismul independent, in orice media, este liber de persecutii, represalii, interferente politice sau de reglementare ale statului. Statul nu va supune unui proces de autorizare presa si media online.

Art. 3. Dreptul jurnalistilor si media de a aduna si disemina informatii si opinii nu trebuie sa fie amenintat, restrictionat sau sanctionat.

Art. 4. Protectia surselor jurnalistice trebuie strict respectata. Orice tip de perchezitii ale redactiilor sau altor locatii ale jurnalistilor cat si supravegherea jurnalistilor sau interceptarea comunicatiilor acestora, cu scopul de a identifica sursele de informare sau de a viola secretul redactional sunt strict interzise.

Art. 5. Toate statele trebuie sa se asigure ca media, in indeplinirea misiunilor sale, se bucura de o deplina protectie a legilor, a unui sistem judiciar independent si de protectia autoritatilor. Aceasta se aplica mai ales pentru a proteja jurnalistii si colaboratorii lor , in cazul unor actiuni de hartuire sau atacuri la integritatea lor fizica. Incalcarea acestor drepturi sau orice amenintari cu incalcarea lor, trebuie sa fie atent investigate si pedepsite de justitie.

Art. 6. Existenta si independenta economica a media nu trebuie puse in pericol de catre institutiile statului, institutii aflate sub influenta statului sau de catre alte organizatii. Amenintarea cu sanctiuni economice este deasemenea strict interzisa. Companiile private trebuie sa respecte independenta editoriala a media. Ele trebuie sa se abtina atat de la a exercita presiuni asupra continutului editorial cat si de la a incerca sa amestece publicitatea cu continutul editorial.

Art. 7. Institutile statului sau cele aflate sub influenta statului nu trebuie sa ingradeasca libertatea de acces la informatii a media si a jurnalistilor. Ele au obligatia de a sprijini misiunea media si ajurnalistilor de a informa.

Art. 8. Media si jurnalistii au dreptul la acces neingradit la toate stirile si sursele de informare, inclusiv la cele din afara tarii. Pentru a-si indeplini misiunea de a informa din strainatate, jurnalistii trebuie sa primeasca fara intarziere vize, acreditari sau orice alte documente necesare.

Art. 9. Publicului trebuie sa-i fie garantat accesul liber la orice media sau sursa de informatii, nationala sau internationala.

Art. 10. Statul nu poate restrictiona accesul la profesia de jurnalist.


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